System installation with "Debian Installer"


Assuming you already downloaded the ISO image, copy it to a bootable DVD or USB drive.


To copy to a DVD download "Brasero" if you use Linux, or "DVD Creator" for Windows. For a bootable USB drive, download "balena-Etcher" for both OS.




Booting from the installation device

To start the installation process, you have to start your computer from the chosen installation drive, DVD or USB.

Assuming your computer is still on, start by inserting the installation drive and restarting the computer.

Most computers will allow you to temporarily change the boot order by pressing a special key, F2, Esc, etc. Look at the on-screen indication or your equipment documentation to be sure.

When you see the welcome screen select with the arrows of the keyboard (up-down) the line that you want to execute, particularly you should choose the first one and test the system live before installing it.

When you start in live mode it will not ask you for a username or password, you enter the system directly and you will see the desktop with the default theme and wallpaper, with an interface and keyboard map in English. You can surf the internet, explore your pc, get to know the new system, and when you leave there is no trace left on the machine. But "be careful", that from the file explorer or the terminal you have access to your hard disk, do not touch anything, just observe the system and evaluate it.

By the way, if you decide not to install the system, you can save the DVD or USB, it is an excellent tool to use in case of failure of your current system, to recover files or try to repair it.


System installation

If Auxtral incorporates the "Calamares" live installer in this stable version, we will continue to trust the "Debian Installer", and keep it as an alternative. Perhaps less visually appealing but absolutely friendly and indisputably reliable.



I inserted the installation media (DVD or USB) and restart the PC. On the initial screen I chose the first option to test the system without installing; to install select "Install with D-I"


























By default you will find "English" selected, scroll up or down and select your language and click "continue"





















On this screen it does the same and select your location ... I don't know why I explain if the same screens are indicating you step by step !!!























































































































This last screen is important, the partitioning of doctors, especially if you are not familiar with the partitioning of the hard disk, since it is something that can take a greater and more detailed post than this. It is only worth clarifying that the DI we are using can handle partitions perfectly, but ideally, you should use the "Gparted" utility that comes included in Auxtral Live, and prepare your HD partitions with it before starting the installation, and once here select "Manual" and assign the partition you prepared as "/" (root) to install the system.

In the example you are seeing, the default option "Guided - use the whole disk" is selected, which is valid only if you are going to install Auxtral or Debian as the only OS, since this option will erase all the information that exists on the disk hard from your PC, so it would not be useful in the event that you have a partition dedicated to your personal files on your HD since it would also be deleted by DI.





































In this step select:
"keep the currently installed version"





































As I told you, we are using the option "Guided - use the whole disk" as if we were installing Auxtral as the only OS, also, this one that I am showing you is a "virtual installation", it is not real, for this reason the installer does not not " detected "no other OS on PC. In the event that you are installing a "dual boot" with another system, it will detect it and show it to you. Anyway, I chose the same option "Yes" to have Grub installed on your PC's MBR, unless you know what to do very well and you want to do it somewhere else.
























































When the machine restarts you will see this screen, in this case only Auxtral GNU / Linux appears since there is no other system installed. If you use or have another system previously installed, you will see it in the list. Just select the one you want to start with the "up" / "down" keys and press "enter".





















Auxtral 2 (Antares) default desktop


















From this icon you can change themes of interface colors and icons.



Finally and finally, you have to enable the repositories that you are going to use to update and install software in your operating system.

As I explained, you have available the free (main) and non-free (non-free) repositories, the choice is made by you.

When you first start Auxtral, open the terminal (ctrl + alt + t), log in as "root" as superuser by typing "su", -> enter, enter the password root, -> enter, and type "main" (without quotes) to enable free repositories; or "nonfree" to enable non-free repositories and the "multimedia" repository. With any of the two orders, after enabling the repositories you have chosen, the first system update will be carried out automatically. When finished I wrote the command "exit", -> enter to exit root mode, and repeat it to close the terminal.

Remember that to keep intact the "SECURITY" factor provided by GNU / Linux systems, you must stay within the "FREE SOFTWARE", that is, in the case of Auxtral or Debian, use the "MAIN" repositories.










If it is very rare that it happens, during the installation of an operating system, existing data may be lost on the hard disk, for this reason I advise you to make a "backup" of your important data in an external place such as an online service or in a removable drive.
or use the new one >